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Saturday, May 12, 2018

Reaction to the Chief Justice Sereno Ouster on Quo Warranto Petition


Pinatalsik ng kanyang mga kasama sa Supreme Court si Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno sa pamamagitan ng botong 8-6.  Sinasabi na pinatalsik siya sapagkat walang bisa ang appointment sa kanya dahil kulang ang kanyang ipinasa na Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth o SALN.  Tama nga ba ang ginawa kay CJ Sereno?

Tama o Mali ba ang Ginawa kay CJ Sereno?


Paano nga ba dapat tanggalin ang Chief Justice ayon sa ating Saligang Batas?

The President, the Vice-President, the Members of the Supreme Court, the Members of the Constitutional Commissions, and the Ombudsman may be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, culpable violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, or betrayal of public trust. All other public officers and employees may be removed from office as provided by law, but not by impeachment. - Section 2, Article XI Accountability of Public Officers.
Dito pa lang napakaliwanag na kung paano dapat tanggalin si Chief Justice Sereno at ito nlang ang paraan na nakasaad sa ating Constitution ng 1987.  Kung wala dito ibig sahihin ay invalid ito o walang bisa.  Paano nanguari na ang mismong Supreme Court na dapat ay nakakaintindi ng batas ay binalewala ito?

The Senate shall have the sole power to try and decide all cases of impeachment. When sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the Philippines is on trial, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside, but shall not vote. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of all the Members of the Senate. - Section 3.6, Article XI Accountability of Public Officers.
Napakaliwanag din dito na nakasaad na ang Senado lamang ang may karapatang magdecide para sa mga kaso ng impeachment sa pamamagitan ng boto na 2/3.  Pero ano ang nangyari?  Natanggal anmg isang impeachable official sa pamamagitan ng isang paraan na wala naman sa ating batas.

Legal Basis of Quo Warranto


Ano nga ba ang legal basis ng Quo Warranto Petition?  Ayon sa kaaway ni Sereno na si Atty. Gadon nagong basehan daw ang previous quo warranto petition laban kay dating President Jioseph Estrada.  Sa case na ito pinayagan siya na palitan ni Gloria Arroyo kahit pa na hindi natuloy ang impeachment kay Estrada.

Valid po ba ito?  Ang sagot po ay hindi.  Bakit?

Si dating Pangulong Estrada ay nag resign at umalis ng Malacanang kaya kung tutuusin nagkaroon ng vacancy sa office ng Pangulo kaya ang nag apply dito ay ang Section 8 ng Article VII - Executive Department:

In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the President, the Vice-President shall become the President to serve the unexpired term. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall then act as President until the President or Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified.
ANg Quo Warranto Petition laban kay former President Gloria Arroyo ay may kinalaman sa kanyang oath taking at pag assume ng office.  Valid ito sapagkat nagkaroon ng ouster kay former Presient Estrada.  Na dismiss ang petition sa pamamagitan ng isang desisyon ng Supreme Court. (See Decision)

Timeline ng mga Pangyayari kay Chief Justice Sereno


Share din po namin ang timeline ng nangyari kay CJ Serreno na mula naman sa UNTV News:


  • August 15, 2017.  Complainants Eligio Mallari and Dante Jimenez of the Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption (VACC) filed the first the impeachment complaint against of Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno at the House of Representatives.
  • August 30, 2017.  Atty. Larry Gadon filed the second impeachment complaint against Sereno also at the House.
  • September 13, 2017.  The House Justice committee opened the impeachment proceedings against Sereno and determined the impeachment complaint filed by Gadon “sufficient in form and substance” while dismissing the one filed by Jimenez.
  • January 26, 2017.  Gadon again filed a graft complaint against Sereno for alleged non-filing of Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth (SALN) before the Department of Justice (DoJ).
  • February 19, 2018.  The impeachment hearing against Sereno resumed at the House of Representatives.
  • February 27, 2018.  The Supreme Court en banc forced Sereno to take an indefinite leave of absence starting on March 1, 2018. Her spokesperson, Jojo Lacanilao, in a separate statement said the chief justice has decided to take a 15-day “wellness leave.”
  • March 1, 2018.  Sereno began her indefinite leave of absence.
  • March 2, 2018.  Atty. Oliver Lozano filed a petition to the High Court to invalidate Sereno’s appointment on the ground that the top magistrate failed to comply with mandatory legal requirements. In a speech at a judicial forum at University of Baguio, Sereno rejected calls for her to resign.
  • March 5, 2018.  Solicitor General Jose Calida filed a quo warranto petition against Sereno before the Supreme Court.
  • March 6, 2018.  The Supreme Court en banc orders Sereno to comment on the quo warranto petition filed against her by the OSG.
  • March 8, 2018.  The justice committee of the House found probable cause to impeach Sereno with a vote of 38-2.
  • March 14, 2018.  The House Committee on Justice deferred its voting on the draft articles of impeachment against Sereno pending finalization.
  • March 19, 2018.  The House panel, voting 33-1, approved articles of impeachment vs. Sereno. The Chief Justice filed her comment on the quo warranto petition filed by Solicitor General Jose Calida.
  • April 3, 2018.  The Supreme Court (SC) decided to hold an oral argument on April 10 on the quo warranto petition filed by Calida against Sereno.
  • April 10, 2018.  Sereno faced probing colleagues in a historic first for the Philippine judiciary that a Chief Justice stands at a hearing by her fellow justices.
  • April 17, 2018.  SC set voting on Sereno’s quo warranto case originally on May 17. However, court insiders said the voting was moved to May 11, simultaneous with the submission of the justices separate opinions on the case.
  • May 10, 2018.  Sereno returned to the Supreme Court, ending her month-long wellness leave.
  • May 11, 2018.  The Supreme Court ruled to remove Maria Lourdes Sereno as Chief Justice. Voting 8-6, the magistrates granted Solicitor General Jose Calida’s quo warranto petition against Sereno.

Ano ang Reaction Mo sa Pag-alis kay CJ Sereno?

Narito ang ilan sa mga nakita nating reaction online...





Ikaw ba ano ang masasabi mo?  Tama nga ba ito o mali?  Nagmadali ba sila masyado para mapatalsi si Chief Justice Sereno bago pa mag Mother's Day?  Comment lang kabayan.



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